How To Become A Lawyer In India: Ways Of Getting An LLB Degree

Arush Khanna, Independent Practitioner, on litigation and being the Youngest Indian Scholar at IBPA – SuperLawyer – share your career experience and professional insights with law students and lawyers

The term LLB stands for Legum Baccalaureus. There are a number of colleges in India that offer this degree. In order to become a law practitioner, you’ll have to get a LLB admission in any of the law colleges you’ll find around you. You can choose to enroll into this course by appearing for CLAT exam, which you’ll be able to appear in after you complete your high school. 

The Curriculum

Generally, the Bar Council of India or BCI is in charge of supervising the courses offered by the law colleges. Generally, it takes three years to complete a LLB degree. You’ll find that the curriculum is spread over six semesters. You’ll only be able to get this degree once you successfully complete all the six semesters. The curriculum you’ll be involved in will include theory classes, tutorials, moot courts and internships. You’ll have to participate in classes on a regular basis.

To be eligible for taking the LLB course, there are certain criteria that need to be met, as decided by Bar Council of India. They are as follows:

  • You’ll have to be a graduate in order to become eligible for LLB. You won’t have to be a graduate in any particular discipline to be able to pursue the LLB course, you can be a graduate in any subject. Generally these curricula take three to four years to be completed. 
  • Separate colleges have separate criteria regarding admission of students. There are colleges that require you to have a certain percentage of marks. For candidates belonging to the general category, the marks remain somewhere between 45% and 55%. For candidates belonging to SC/ST communities the marks remain somewhere within 35% to 45% range.
  • You can also get an admission into a BA LLB course by appearing for the CLAT exam, which you’ll be able to appear in after you complete your 12th standard.

You’ll find that even though in some law colleges admission is given on a merit basis, a number of colleges are there that only allow admission after you clear an entrance exam which takes place on a national level.

Some of the most prominent law entrance exams are as follows:

  • DU LLB Entrance Exam
  • BHU UG Entrance test.
  • Maharashtra Common Entrance Test for Law.
  • Law School Admission Test India
  • Allahabad University LAT Exam
  • Telangana State Law Common Entrance Test.
  • Punjab University LLB Entrance Exam
  • Andhra Pradesh Law Common Entrance Test.

As mentioned earlier, there are two ways you can get a LLB admission; one is by giving the CLAT exam right after 12th and enrolling for BA LLB. The other way is by completing your graduation in any discipline and then enrolling for the LLB course.  For completing a BA LLB degree, you’ll need five years, whereas for LLB degree you’ll only have to study for three more years.   

To be able to practice law, you’ll have to clear the Bar Examination. The AIBE or All India Bar Exam is conducted by Bar Council of India or BCI.